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Paul Cezanne

Paul Cezanne

Paul Cezanne was born on the 19th of January 1839 in Aix-en-Provence, France. His father co-founded a banking firm that was very successful and provided sufficient financial security to Paul Cezanne and the rest of his family. His father wanted Cezanne to pursue a ‘respectable career’ just like himself, and to please him, Cezanne went to law school at the University of Aix while also taking drawing lessons in 1858.
Even though it was well known that he had an eye for arts, he obeyed. But two years later, with strong encouragement from his very good friend, Emil Zola, Cezanne went against his father’s wishes and left Aix to Paris to focus on developing his career as an artist in 1861, his true passion. His decision was not well accepted by his father initially, but eventually, he came around and gave Cezanne his full support leaving him a huge inheritance upon his death. With the inheritance left for him, Paul Cezanne never had financial worries for the rest of his life. With his inheritance, it was easier for him to pursue his art career even easily.
In 1863, Cezanne met the impressionist Camille Pissarro in Paris who played a master role to Cezanne. Paris started out as a teacher to Cezanne, but as they worked together for years, their relationship grew from teacher-student to a collaborative role with both of them working together as equals.
His paintings focused on figures in the landscape and were imaginatively created. The Franco-Prussian war in 1870 caused Cezanne to flee with his mistress to Marseille. During this period, he drew lots of landscapes which led him to be recognized as one of the leading Impressionists of the time.
His paintings were shown in several famous exhibitions and he had a lot of recognition and financial success. But in Aix, his paintings were highly criticized by the petty bourgeoisie of Aix and he faced several days of messages being dropped on his doormat in copies of L'Intransigeant asking him to leave the town he was dishonoring.
He spent his final years in Provence. Here he developed his impressionist style of painting. Using blocks and planes he was able to produce a more abstracted observation of nature. This creation of his provided the factor that linked the 19th-century impressionist art to the modern art of Matisse and Picasso of the 12th century.
Paul Cezanne caught a cold from a storm whilst he was painting outside, and a few weeks later he died of pneumonia on the 22nd of October 1906 and was buried in his home town, Aix.

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